Xinjiang embargoed goods may enter the U.S.

Chinese goods produced by an organization related to the mass detention of Muslims in Xinjiang may have entered the hands of American stores and consumers. According to a report released on Tuesday.

The Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps is a huge government and paramilitary organization involving many industries. It manages Some large-scale detention camps and prisons for Muslim minorities. BuzzFeed News found last month that China has established imprisonment capabilities More than 1 million people In the area at any given moment.

The Chinese government has defined detention operations in the past as professional development or educational programs aimed at avoiding threats to social stability. But the United States and other governments call it genocide.Last July the United States right The organization, known as the Corps or corps And two officials related to it, citing “they are related to the serious violations of human rights by ethnic minorities in Xinjiang.”

This effectively makes it illegal for anyone in the United States to do business with XPCC and makes it more difficult for the organization to cooperate with other countries. But new research from a non-profit organization in Washington, DC shows that many subsidiaries of the Corps continue to export goods around the world. The report found that some consumer products made from these products, such as ketchup or textiles, are sold in the United States and other countries such as Australia, Canada, and Germany.

C4ADS is an organization that reports on global conflict and security. It has identified 2,923 subsidiaries of the Corps and used commercial documents, trade records and posts on the China Cotton Industry Trade website to investigate their business activities.

The team discovered that a Russian company called Grand Star produces tomato products and sauces under the Kubanochka brand. The XPCC Xinjiang Guannong Tomato Products Co., Ltd. and Xinjiang Wanda Co., Ltd. have shipped more than 150 batches of tomato paste to Daxing.

The report found companies that purchased goods from Xinjiang and sent them to other places, but the trade data did not indicate whether specific prohibited items arrived in the United States. Therefore, it is difficult to know whether the same tomatoes imported from Xinjiang were subsequently shipped to the United States, but it is clear that Kubanochka’s branded tomato products are sold in the United States, including in international food stores. Grand Star did not respond to a request for comment.

C4ADS also found that at least three XPCC subsidiaries sell XPCC cotton, although they are part of the Better Cotton Initiative, a global industry certification program that says it promotes ethical sourcing of cotton products. The Better Cotton Initiative declined to comment on whether the activities of these companies conflict with its principles.

Xiamen International Trade, one of the three subsidiaries, is a supply chain management company worth nearly 14 billion yuan. According to government trade data compiled by Panjiva, Xiamen ITG and its own subsidiaries provide products to retailers large and small in North America, including Wal-Mart Canada and an Ohio company called MMI Textiles, which also provides protective equipment for hospitals. Trade data shows that before the United States began to block Xinjiang cotton, Xiamen ITG sent two batches of polyester-cotton fabrics to MMI in 2019. When asked about shipments, Nick Rivera, chief operating officer of MMI Textiles, stated that it stopped working with the company in January 2019, and that MMI “difficult to understand the details you described in the inquiry.”

Founded in 1954—just five years after the ruling Communist Party came to power in China—the Corps initially focused on relocating Han immigrants in Xinjiang, the historical home of Uyghurs and other major Muslim minorities. About 86% of the current corps members are Han Chinese. According to research Published by Bao Yajun of Oxford University. The Corps is so powerful that Bao and other scholars describe it as a role parallel to the Xinjiang regional government, with interests ranging from cotton planting to television and radio. The Corps has thousands of subsidiaries, which account for 21% of the region’s output, including manufacturing.

Irina Bukharin, the lead researcher of the C4ADS report, said: “The Corps is the main perpetrator of mass detention and forced labor in Xinjiang. It has a huge economic footprint.” “It is also sanctioned, so understand How it still connects with the global economy is very important to understand how sanctions and other measures against forced labor in the region fail to meet the requirements.”

U.S. Customs and Border Protection January Said it would be detained All tomatoes and cotton products imported from Xinjiang. However, C4ADS found that both products can enter the United States through a third country.corps Is the largest cotton producer in China It is also a major participant in the tomato industry.

Detaining goods from the region is not always a clear process, partly because the XPCC often sells their products through intermediary companies in other regions of China or other countries. Customs and Border Protection officer Ana Hinojosa told BuzzFeed News that the difficulty of obtaining information about Xinjiang companies posed a challenge to US regulators.

“The Corps is an organization behemoth. It has so many subsidiaries and they rotate frequently,” said Hinojosa, executive director of CBP’s Trade Remedy Enforcement. “Tracking them is a daunting task.”

She added: “I think there may be some goods that we don’t know about the Corps are being shipped to the United States.”

The Corps did not respond to a request for comment.

Author: admin

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *