West African leaders discuss the Mali crisis after the coup | International News Military News

The ECOWAS meeting was held after Mali’s timetable for resuming civilian rule after the military takeover in 2020 lasted for several months.

West African leaders gathered to discuss Mali’s political crisis with the military government, and submitted a new timetable at the last minute after Mali’s first proposal was rejected to restore civilian rule.

The special summit of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) group held in Accra, the capital of Ghana, on Sunday is expected to discuss possible sanctions against the Sahel State due to election delays and other issues.

The meeting was held a few months later Increasing tension The timetable for the restoration of civilian rule in Mali after the military takeover in 2020.

In August of the same year, in a street protest against his unpopular rule, officers led by Colonel Asimi Goita overthrew the president-elect Ibrahim Bubakar Keita.

Under threat of sanctions, Goita subsequently promised to restore civilian rule in February 2022 after holding presidential and legislative elections.

But he launched a de facto second coup in May last year, forcing the interim civilian government to step down. The move disrupted the reform schedule and was widely condemned by diplomacy.

ECOWAS insisted that Mali hold elections in February.

But the government later stated that the election date will only be set after a national meeting is held-that peaceful voting is more important than speed.

Transparent election

Large areas of Mali are not controlled by the state, and the government is struggling to deal with the insurgency that has been raging since 2012.

After the Mali Reform Conference ended on December 30, the government proposed a transition period of 6 months to 5 years from January 1.

This will enable the authorities to “carry out structural system reforms and [organise] A credible, fair and transparent election,” it said.

But the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mali said that the ECOWAS mediator Goodluck Jonathan asked the leadership to revise the plan during his visit last week.

According to Mali National Television, on Saturday, the military government submitted a new proposed timetable to the acting president of the European Union, but did not provide any details about its content.

The 15-nation ECOWAS took the lead in pushing Mali to comply with its pledge to hold elections at the beginning of this year.

Expected polls in February

In the process of seeking to maintain the basic principles of governance and contain regional instability, the restoration of civil rule puts the credibility of the group at risk.

At the December 12th summit, its leaders reiterated their request to hold elections before February 27th because Initial plan.

They continue to impose sanctions such as asset freezes and travel bans on about 150 military government figures and their families, and threaten to take further “economic and financial” measures.

The possibility of new sanctions is expected to be put on the agenda at the summit on Sunday.

The West African Economic and Monetary Union summit will be held immediately before the ECOWAS talks in Accra, and its eight members may meet to take concerted action and impose new economic sanctions.

Sanctions have proven effective in the past.

For example, the group responded to Goita’s first coup by closing Mali’s borders, imposing trade restrictions, and suspending the country’s participation in its decision-making bodies.

In response, the Malian army formed a civilian-led government and promised to hold elections, thereby lifting the economic sanctions, although Mali still suspended Main institutions from the European Union.

ECOWAS did not impose sanctions immediately after the second coup, but in November, it chose specific measures against individual military government members because it believed that election preparations were delayed.

Analysts say that regional leaders must consider the risk of confrontation between Malians and ECOWAS.

Most of the country’s political class resisted the recent reform negotiations, but the government’s remarks to promote national sovereignty resonated with some people.