When speaking to reporters in New York on Thursday, Secretary-General’s Spokesperson, Stéphane Dujarric said that the organization will continue to monitor the situation “very closely”.
Mr. Dujarric confirmed several contacts between the United Nations and the country’s authorities, including a call between Special Representative Natalia Gherman and Deputy Foreign Minister Mukhtar Tileuberdi on Thursday morning.
In these exchanges, Ms. Gurman, on behalf of the United Nations, reiterated the call to exercise restraint, avoid violence and promote dialogue to resolve the situation. Secretary General.
Dozens of victims
The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet also urged everyone, including security forces, protesters and others, not to use violence and seek peaceful solutions.
in a statement,she says A police spokesperson in the main city of Almaty reported that security forces had killed dozens of protestersIn addition, it is reported that nearly 1,000 people were injured in the protests.
According to news organizations, the protests began on Sunday when the government lifted the price cap on liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and many people used it for cars and heating, but the riots have since spread to include long-term political dissatisfaction.
The Ministry of the Interior reported that 12 law enforcement officers were killed in the riots and 317 police and members of the National Guard were injured.
“International law is clear: People have the right to protest peacefully and freedom of speech. At the same time, protesters, no matter how angry or aggrieved, should not resort to violence against others,” Ms. Bachelet said.
The riot police allegedly used tear gas and flash bombs in the clashes with demonstrators in Almaty. At the same time, protesters occupied some government buildings, set them on fire, and tried to rush into the police station.
Ms. Bachelet also pointed out that there were reports that on January 6, a fierce gun battle broke out between the army and armed personnel in front of the Almaty City Hall.
The High Commissioner reminds the Kazakh authorities that force must be used in compliance with the strict requirements of necessity and proportionality.
State of emergency
On January 5, several areas including the main city of Almaty and the capital Nur-Sultan declared a state of emergency, which has now been extended to the whole country.
The decision includes a curfew from 11 p.m. to 7 a.m., requiring restrictive measures to last at least until January 19.
Ms. Bachelet said that countries have the right to declare a state of emergency, but added that “any derogation of human rights must comply with the strict requirements of necessity and proportionality.”
“Certain rights, including the right to life, the prohibition of torture and other ill-treatment, and the right not to be detained arbitrarily, continue to apply in all situations,” she said.
On Wednesday, the Kazakh authorities requested that security forces be sent to the country under the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), a regional security agreement that includes Russia, Belarus, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Armenia.
Kazakhstan officials also reported that more than 2,000 people have been detained by the police.
Ms. Bachelet called for the release of all those arrested and detained solely for exercising the right to peaceful protest and freedom of speech. She emphasized that all allegations of human rights violations should be “investigated promptly, independently and thoroughly.”
Since Sunday, Internet services have been severely disrupted or even shut down completely.
For the High Commissioner, Turning off the Internet “is not a solution to crises, but a risk that encourages violence and unrest.”
She urged the authorities to ensure Internet service, which is essential for emergency medical services during the epidemic. Coronavirus disease The pandemic, “recovered immediately.”
In recent days, the government of Kazakhstan has expressed its hope for an inclusive and constructive dialogue with the protesters.
Ms. Bachelet said that it is time to “take all measures” to ensure that this kind of dialogue takes place and that human rights are respected and protected during and after the emergency.