The leaders of China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States issued for the first time a statement on avoiding an arms race, not targeting each other, and not targeting any country.
These five countries are also permanent members United Nations Security Council (Commonly known as P5) said they firmly believe that the further proliferation of such weapons must be prevented.
‘Need to comply’
In a statement issued by the spokesperson, the Secretary-General appreciated the recognition of the need to comply with bilateral and multilateral non-proliferation, disarmament and arms control agreements and commitments.
Mr. Guterres also emphasized the obligations of countries under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (Non-proliferation treaty) Is related to nuclear disarmament.
because Coronavirus disease For the pandemic, the NPT review originally scheduled to start on Tuesday has been postponed to August. P5’s statement was issued after the announcement of the postponement.
The Secretary-General of the United Nations stated that he is encouraged by his commitment to take measures to prevent nuclear war, which is in line with his long-standing call for dialogue and cooperation. The statement added that he looked forward to more details about future plans.
Mr. Guterres also took this opportunity to reiterate “The only way to eliminate all nuclear risks is to eliminate all nuclear weapons. ”
Finally, he reiterated his willingness to cooperate with all member states to achieve this goal “as soon as possible.”
‘Threat grows every year’
At the end of last year, the Secretary-General issued a warning about the serious danger posed by the 13,000 nuclear weapons currently believed to be possessed by a few countries, and this followed.
In a review article published internationally, Mr. Guterres said that this threat is increasing year by year, and “Nuclear destruction” is just “misunderstanding or misjudgment.”
Mr. Guterres insisted that the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons remains the “main hope” for reversing the global arms race, and then urged bold action in six areas.
First, member states should plan the way forward for nuclear disarmament. Second, they should agree to new transparency and dialogue measures. Third, they should resolve the “evolving nuclear crisis” in the Middle East and Asia. Fourth, they should strengthen support for non-proliferation. Existing agencies, including the United Nations Atomic Energy Agency (International Atomic Energy Agency).
Mr. Guterres also called on all countries to promote the peaceful use of nuclear technology for medical and other purposes. He said this is one of the reasons why the NPT has won the support of non-nuclear-weapon states.
Finally, the people of the world — especially young people — need to hear that eliminating nuclear weapons is the only way to ensure that nuclear weapons will never be used.