The House of Representatives passed a historic $1 trillion infrastructure plan on Friday night and voted to allow formal debates on larger social spending and climate bills, which shows that after months of disagreement between centrists and progressives, President Biden’s agenda has made progress.
The planned final vote on a larger social spending bill was cancelled because a group of moderates — enough to prevent the measure — refused to support it until they made a formal estimate of its economic costs.
The bipartisan vote on the infrastructure bill was approved by 228 votes to 206, indicating that Biden’s agenda urgently needs to show momentum, which suffered a setback due to the deep distrust between the centrists and progressives on Capitol Hill.
After a difficult week for the Democrats, their candidate for governor lost in Virginia, and the frustration over the slowing down of negotiations on Capitol Hill also boiled over. The vote was held on Friday.
After two previous failed attempts to arrange a vote, ordinary members became more and more aware that they needed to advance the bill.
For weeks, progressives have blocked voting on the infrastructure bill as a means to ensure that the Senate takes strong action on the social spending bill. On Friday, progressives agreed to pass the infrastructure bill alone, realizing that if they insist on too much it will bring risks.
“What am I going to do, you know-continue to procrastinate?” Rep. Raul M. Grijalva (Arizona Democrat) said. “For me, the risk of inaction is deeper than the order of votes.”
1 trillion dollar infrastructure bill The Senate approved it in August, Will go to Biden’s desk to sign. A White House spokesperson said on Friday that Biden will sign the agreement.
Infrastructure work began in late March, When Biden announced plans to promote a major plan, None of his predecessors did this.
For months, Biden and Senate Republicans have negotiated a road and bridge plan that allows the president to demonstrate the bipartisan sincerity he supports in his campaign. The bill passed in the Senate with an overwhelming advantage of 69 to 30.
On Friday, 13 House Republicans joined Democrats in supporting the infrastructure bill. Six House Democrats voted against.
Although the infrastructure bill occupies only part of Biden’s agenda, it marks a huge new injection of funds. In the next five years, infrastructure spending will account for about 1.5% of GDP, compared with 1.36% during the New Deal. According to the analysis of the Brookings Institution Data from the Office of Management and Budget.
billing address Extensive infrastructure flaws And will expand the availability of broadband Internet nationwide.
Approximately US$110 billion will be spent on roads, bridges and other major ground transportation projects. Passenger rail will receive 66 billion U.S. dollars, public transportation will receive 39 billion U.S. dollars, and highway and sidewalk safety plans will receive 11 billion U.S. dollars. Approximately $55 billion will be used to expand access to clean drinking water.
Although the Democrats hailed the success of the infrastructure vote, this achievement was largely overshadowed by the long and confusing process of writing social spending measures.
Congressional Democrats and Biden said on Friday that they will pass the bill in the House of Representatives in the week of November 15. But as the bill is submitted to the Senate, disagreements on key issues such as paid leave and immigration need to be resolved.
Although most of the major legislation is intermittent in the enactment of the legislative sausage, the frenetic negotiation of these bills is particularly prominent. Worryingly, this reflects the weak three-vote advantage of the Democrats in the House of Representatives.
The delay in the social spending vote in the House of Representatives means it may not pass the Senate until December.
Given the fear of negotiations at the end of the year, members of the Congressional Black Caucus with significant political influence on Friday urged House Speaker Nancy Pelosi to hold two votes to show that progress has been made. According to a Democratic source, the moderates will only agree to this if infrastructure is voted first.
Although progressives allow the infrastructure bill to be passed before the completion of the social spending bill, they still worry that moderate Democrats will not support the current $1.85 trillion package.
With Biden providing help over the phone, the centrist and the progressive camp reached an agreement that as long as the official cost estimates were in line with expectations, the centrist agreed in writing to support the social expenditure bill in the full vote during the week of November 15.
Although the requirement that the cost must match the White House’s estimates leaves some leeway for not voting for the bill, it includes Rep. Josh Gottheimer (DN.J.) and Stephanie Murphy (D-Fla). .), including the five centrists, said they will work hard to resolve any differences.
The statement aims to assure progressives that the social spending bill will pass the House of Representatives.
Biden called on Friday for a more than one-hour meeting of the Congressional Progressive Caucus and asked for its support, “but some guarantees and promises are required. [from moderates] He is working hard,” Rep. Jared Hoffman (D-San Rafael) said before the deal was concluded. “He worked very hard to get everyone there. “
Biden has repeatedly promised progressives that he will vote in the Senate.
Progressive people have many reasons to be nervous. Centrist Democratic Senator Joe Manchin III of West Virginia and Kyrsten Sinema of Arizona have mandated the removal of progressive priorities from the bill and have not publicly pledged to support the latest version.
Nolan D. McCaskill contributed to this report.