The House of Representatives approves Biden’s “rebuild better” spending plan

The Democrats in the House of Representatives approved their comprehensive measures on Friday to strengthen the country’s social safety net program and begin responding to the climate crisis. Urgent need to show the progress of President Biden’s legislative agenda Even if it faces more obstacles.

The bill was passed by 220 votes to 213 votes, and it was supported by everyone except one Democrat. There were no Republicans.

The Democrats’ attempt to pass the bill on Thursday night was thwarted by minority leader Kevin McCarthy (R-Bakersfield), who controlled the House of Representatives through more than eight and a half hours of speeches and blocked voting until the Democratic leaders finally decided to remove it. Reschedule it on Friday morning.

The House Republican leader used his speech to attack the bill, the Democrats and Biden’s agenda. He spoke continuously from 8:38 p.m. (Eastern Time) on Thursday night to 5:11 a.m. Friday morning, Break the record The longest House speech, set by Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-San Francisco) in 2018.

The Democratic moderates and progressives in the House of Representatives, Senate Democrats and the White House have been in a difficult situation unexpectedly at the last minute after months of delays and negotiations on the bill. During this period, the total price was halved to approximately US$1.7 trillion, and some of its most radical policies were cut or cut to win the support of the centrists.

Nonetheless, the Social Expenditure Act, which the Democrats call “rebuild better”, will advance the many priorities that progressives have been seeking for years, including expanding medical insurance coverage to include hearing aids, Allow the federal government to negotiate the price of some medical insurance drugs, Implement universal pre-school education for 3-year-old and 4-year-old children, and provide Childcare subsidies for most Americans.

Rep. John Arms (D-Ky.) called it “the most important legislation for American families since the New Deal” and promised that it would “completely reform and reimagine the entire sector of our economy and society so that everyone, It’s not just those at the top that will benefit from the growing economy.”

But this reform—and its cost—has aroused strong condemnation from Republicans.

“This is definitely a shame,” Representative Jason Smith (R-Mo.) said of the bill. He said that some of the provisions under consideration, such as paid family visits and the restoration of partial federal deductions for state and local taxes, will benefit the wealthy, while the middle class will come at the expense of sacrifice. “As we know, it will change America.”

McCarthy said that he thinks this policy is very unpopular. If they promulgate this policy, the Democratic Party may lose more than 63 seats in the midterm elections next year.

“This is the first time in this country,” McCarthy said while previewing his party’s midterm election information. “This generation does not believe that they will live better than the generation before them. The bill almost guarantees this. One point. They are assured that they will have to pay more and get less.”

His speech drew the support of his Republican colleagues. At the same time, McCarthy is facing some questions about his leadership from the core team, including former President Trump’s allies, such as Georgia Rep. Marjorie. Lee Taylor Greene (Marjorie Taylor Greene), because he did not punish his party members for supporting Biden’s infrastructure bill.

After being passed by the House of Representatives, the bill will pass the Senate’s review, where it may undergo major changes to gain the support of all 48 Senate Democrats and two independents. Then House Democrats will have to vote again, which may push the final pass until late December.

Senate Majority Leader Charles Schumer (DN.Y.) said that once the technical preparations are completed, the Senate will immediately consider the bill.

Some policy issues remain unresolved and need to be resolved before the Senate vote. After the House of Representatives voted, Pelosi and other Democrats tried to downplay the policy differences between the two houses as a normal procedure for enacting comprehensive legislation.

Due to the opposition of key centrist Senator Joe Manchin III (DW.Va.), the Senate is expected to cancel the four weeks of paid family visits and sick leave provided by the House of Representatives.

The House of Representatives bill will provide deportation protection for immigrants who entered the country illegally before 2011-an immigration policy that is far less ambitious than the Democrats hoped. It is not clear whether the proposal will pass the Senate.

The bill is There is hope to expand federal deductions for state and local taxes -Reduce Trump-era policies that affect many Californians-but there is a major conflict between the House of Representatives and the Senate on how to do so.

The House of Representatives plans to increase the so-called annual SALT ceiling from US$10,000 to US$80,000 until 2031, and restore it to US$10,000 within a year. Sens. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) and Robert Menendez (DN).J.) have a separate plan that only exempts people from the upper limit if their income is less than a certain amount, which may be 400,000 US dollars.

But the idea of ​​abolishing the ceiling has become a political stick for Republicans and even a Democrat, who say it is a reward for the rich. Rep. Jared Golden (D-Maine) opposed the bill because of the “salt giveaway.”

Although this work has not yet been completed, after weeks of uncertainty over Biden’s agenda, House Democrats are still eager to show progress. Moderates who voted on the social spending bill two weeks ago In the process of waiting for the final cost estimate, once these figures are announced on Thursday, they will quickly decline.

Earlier this month, the Democrats abandoned their plan to tie the Social Expenditure Act to another effort — a measure to tackle the country’s crumbling roads and bridges. Biden signed the infrastructure bill into law earlier this week After progressive Democrats eased their insistence on voting on these two bills together.

Progressives say they will trust Biden to vote in the Senate. Manchin and Senator Kyrsten Sinema (D-Ariz.) have negotiated the bill to be significantly lower than the $3.5 trillion plan once envisaged by the Democrats.

The political future of the president and the Democrats in Congress are related to these two pieces of legislation. Biden told Congressional Democrats in a closed-door meeting last month that his presidency and its control over Congress may depend on the public’s perception of these measures.As Democrats watch this idea become more urgent Virginia governor election favors the Republican Party As Biden’s approval rate drops.

Democrats are already discussing a broad campaign to sell the package and make sure voters know that it is Democrats who make these policies, and some of these policies are expected to be welcomed.

In order to reduce costs, most policies will only be implemented for a few years. This will expose the future Congress (which may be run by Republicans) and the White House to the question of whether to renew or allow it to expire, setting these rules as a question of the 2024 presidential campaign.

The bill may also mark Pelosi’s last major legislative effort, as he stated in 2018 She will not serve as a spokesperson after 2022. Universal pre-kindergarten and childcare provisions — and increased subsidies in the Affordable Care Act — laid the foundation for her decades of attention to children and universal health care. On Friday morning, she rejected questions about her own political future, saying that the day had nothing to do with her.

Other major parts of the bill include extending the monthly child tax credit for one year, which the White House estimates will benefit 90% of the parents of children in the United States. It will provide medical insurance for low-income people in states where Obamacare did not expand Medicaid. Narrowing the so-called gap in Medicaid coverage.

The bill also seeks to solve the problem of homelessness by subsidizing public housing repairs and helping low-income people afford housing, although large cities with large public housing projects are more likely to benefit. Low-density public housing states like California.

Most of the bill’s funding will be funded through higher taxes on Americans with annual incomes of more than $400,000, and an additional 5% tax on those with annual incomes of more than $10 million-the White House estimates this The policy will apply to 0.02% of Americans. Large companies will face a new minimum tax rate of 15% on their profits reported to shareholders.

The Congressional Budget Office, which provides nonpartisan economic analysis to Congress, stated that the bill would increase the deficit by $160 billion in ten years.

The White House encouraged the Democrats to use their own estimates of the savings from the new IRS policy, which the government said would generate $400 billion in revenue instead of the CBO’s estimate of $207 billion. According to estimates by the White House, the bill will reduce the deficit.

The IRS’s regulations-the agency will receive $80 billion in ten years to strengthen tax evasion enforcement-are controversial in many respects. Republicans predict that conservative groups and ordinary people are more likely to audit their taxes in accordance with this policy.

The Democrats plan to use the expedited legislative process to pass a social expenditure bill through the Senate to prevent Republicans from obstructing the bill. But this process is called reconciliation. It requires all provisions to comply with the rules of the Senate and requires all provisions to be related to the budget. The process of reviewing illegal bills may lead to more cuts or rewrites.

The Democrats quickly discovered that even without Republicans, enacting a social spending bill would be difficult and time-consuming. The disagreement between the centrist and the progressive brought the negotiations to a deadlock. Cinemas and Manchin, who expressed concerns about the cost and expansion of the plan, became regular visitors to the White House and negotiated with Biden or his staff.

In the 50-50 divided Senate, the Democrats need every vote to pass this measure, which gave Manchin and Sinema extraordinary influence. Progressive people are under pressure to abandon many of the priorities they have long sought, or they may get nothing.

The cinema opposed the cancellation of President Trump’s corporate tax rate cut and allowed Medicare to negotiate complete drug prices.

As the overall price tag was forced to drop, tuition-free community colleges were put aside.

Manchin rejected the Clean Power Performance Plan, which will encourage utility companies to increase their use of renewable energy through a combination of payments and fines.

The remaining climate clause will invest approximately US$500 billion in tax incentives and grants in an attempt to keep the country away from fossil fuels. Although supporters call this the most ambitious climate policy in history, it has few competitors and is far from as extensive as they originally envisioned.

In a comparison that has caused some unease among moderates and fiscal hawks, many Democrats liken the broad scope and funding of the bill to legislation in the New Deal era.

Majority Leader Steny H. Hoyer (D-Md.) called this measure “an extraordinary investment, as the President said, a’generational change’ in the lives of ordinary men and women in this country and their access to health care.” Investment, they have access to education and opportunities.”

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