Security Council warns of ‘endless cycle of instability’ – a global issue

Instead, the top UN envoy explained, “insecurity has widened, the humanitarian situation has deteriorated, more children are out of school, and the country is affected by an endless cycle of instability.”


In fact, More than 1.8 million people are expected to need food assistance in 2022, compared to 1.3 million in 2021, the highest level of food insecurity recorded since 2014.

More than half a million children have been affected by school closures, which the envoy believes puts “the future of the country at risk”.


Despite these challenges, Mr Wane believes that, The situation ‘would have been worse’ without the participation of the international community, including the deployment of UN peacekeeping operations (MINUSMA) year 2013.

Mali’s government has been seeking to restore stability since early 2012 after a series of setbacks, including a failed military coup, government forces and Tuareg rebels are fighting again, and radical extremists have seized its northern territories.


confrontation

The Special Representative also briefed the Council current standoff between the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the military-controlled transitional leadership of Mali.

Over the weekend, ECOWAS held a special summit and decided The proposed transition timetable of five and a half years is “totally unacceptable”.

Urging the Malian authorities to focus on quickly restoring constitutional order, they decided to maintain the individual sanctions imposed on 12 December and impose more.


The new sanctions include recalling the ambassador from Bamako, closing land and air borders, suspending all commercial and financial transactions (with some exemptions), and suspending financial aid, among others.

In return, Mali recalled its ambassador and closed its borders with ECOWAS member countries.

However, in a speech to the nation on Monday night, the transitional president, Colonel Asimi Goita, called for unity and calm and said Mali remained open to dialogue.


Mr Wane explained that supporting the transition was MINUSMA mandate, so the mission will try to find a mutually agreed way out to overcome the impasse.

A prolonged stalemate will make it harder to find a mutually agreed way out, adding to the hardship for the population and further weakening state capacity,” he argued, warning that the situation would have “profound implications for Mali and its neighbours.”

In addition to the political transition, Mr Wane believes it is vital that the Council continue to focus on the implementation of the peace deal and the stability of the secession centre, which he called the two “cornerstones” of peace and stability in Mali.

“Window of Opportunity”

Back in December, a national consultation process called to assist the national revival movement, It concluded with a series of key recommendations, including a constitutional review, establishment of a Senate, accelerated disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) processes, and territorial decentralization.

Displaced women prepare food at an informal camp in Bagondi, Mali.

For Mr Wane, these recommendations”provide a A window of opportunity for all stakeholders to continue implementing the peace agreement on this basis. ”

The Special Representative also provided information on MINUSMAactivities, noting that there will be more extremist attacks in 2021 than in any previous year.

The mission ended the year with the highest number of casualties since 2013, after a notable increase in attacks on the main shaft, convoys, camps and temporary operating bases.

A total of 28 peacekeepers were killed, including seven Togolese. single event Back in December.

humanitarian situation

The conflict has also had a devastating impact on the civilian and humanitarian situation.

For example, on 3 December, 32 civilians, including 26 women and children, were killed when extremists attacked a bus near Pine Lake.

In just one year, the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) increased from 216,000 to more than 400,000.

In such a difficult situation, Mr Wane described the humanitarian appeal As “lukewarm,” only 38 percent of funding was received.

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