New research shows that canines can distinguish different languages, as well as real language and gibberish
A new study shows that dogs can recognize familiar human language and distinguish it from unfamiliar language. Regardless of the intonation, canines can also distinguish between familiar words.
Research by Eotvos Lorand University in Budapest, Hungary, shows that our canine pets seem to be able to distinguish various languages even without prior training. Dogs can understand whether someone speaks a familiar language or an unfamiliar language. Scientists have discovered that they are also very capable of understanding whether someone is really saying something or just saying something meaningless.
A team led by Laura Cuaya put 18 dogs in a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine and scanned them as they played Spanish and Hungarian excerpts from the children’s novella “The Little Prince” Brain. Two of the dogs are familiar with Spanish, while the rest are accustomed to Hungarian, but none of the test subjects have heard of these two languages before.
The researchers also played these clips backwards to study the dog’s ability to detect chaotic speech. Scientists say the results seem to be more promising than expected. “We found that their understanding of human language exceeded my expectations,” Kuya said.
Research Publish In the peer-reviewed journal NeuroImage, when canines try to understand whether they are speaking a certain language or just talking nonsense, the pattern of activity in the first auditory cortex of the dog’s brain is different. Then, the activity of the second auditory cortex helps them distinguish whether the language is familiar.
“The interesting thing here is that in [dogs’] The brain’s response to familiar and unfamiliar language,” Said Attila Andics, head of the Department of Animal Research at Eotvos Lorand University. “This is the first non-primate species where we can show spontaneous language ability,” He added.
According to scientists, dogs will be familiar with the auditory laws of the language they are exposed to when they are with humans, and then they can understand that they are speaking a new language.
“This is actually very similar to what we see in very young talking babies, who can distinguish language spontaneously before they start to speak,” Andis told CNN.
In early research, scientists also discovered that dogs can distinguish between various familiar words and phrases, even if they speak similar ways. “We see that some words are indeed processed independently of intonation,” Andis explained. “What we say and what we say are important.”
Now, the team wants to know whether this ability is a “Dog’s Specialty” Through thousands of years of human life, or general abilities previously unknown “Non-human species.”
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