The Polish Prime Minister revealed that Warsaw is setting up a special research institute to study the damage caused by Nazi Germany to Poland and to promote compensation in Berlin.
Polish Prime Minister Matusz Morawiecki announced the news in an interview with the German DPA news agency, some of which were announced on Friday. Morawiecki said he signed a document last Wednesday to start the establishment of the institute, which will be named after the famous Polish resistance fighter Jan Karski. He added, “topic [was] Will not be excluded, because Poland has been treated very badly and has not received any compensation.“
The institute will systematize various existing research in this field and file a claim against Germany.
In the same interview, Morawiecki announced that the parliamentary special committee established in 2017 will announce the results of its investigation into the losses caused by Nazi Germany’s occupation of Poland in February. He admitted, “It has not yet been decided how we will deal with this report, when and how,“However, adding that Warsaw is “Prepare everything to show it to the world.“
According to Warsaw’s previous estimates based on 1946 inventories, the loss amounted to 800 billion euros (901 billion US dollars). However, in 2019, a member of the committee stated that the bill may actually exceed 887 billion euros ($1 trillion). In the same year, on the 80th anniversary of the outbreak of World War II, Poland once again put pressure on Germany on the issue of reparations.
Warsaw was not the only one struggling to make Berlin pay the price for the death and destruction the Nazis caused to the occupied countries. As early as April, Greece made another request to Germany, and the spokesperson of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs confirmed at that time, “the problem still exists[ed] Open.“
In turn, Germany insisted that this issue had been resolved as early as 1990, the year of its reunification, when East and West Germany signed the so-called two plus four treaties with the Soviet Union, the United States, the United Kingdom, and the United Kingdom, its allies in World War II. France. In the document, there is no mention of any form of compensation, which, in Berlin’s view, allows the problem to be resolved forever. However, it is worth noting that neither Poland nor Greece are parties to the agreement.
Berlin also mentioned the compensation exemption signed by the People’s Republic of Poland and the German Democratic Republic in 1953, but the Polish government claimed that it was approved under the coercion of Moscow, both of which were part of the Eastern Soviet Union. In 2018, Jaroslaw Kaczynski, leader of the ruling Law and Justice Party, claimed that Poland has never waived its claim for compensation against Germany.
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