This treaty is only Japan’s second defense treaty, and it comes at a time when the world is worried about China’s growing economic and military power.
The leaders of Australia and Japan signed a “historic” defense treaty, and Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison Say As China expands its military and economic influence in the region, it will “help build a safe and stable Indo-Pacific region.”
The treaty was signed at a virtual summit held by Morrison and his Australian counterpart Fumio Kishida on Thursday.
This treaty is called the Reciprocal Access Agreement (RAA) and is the second such agreement in Japan.
The only other military agreement is with the United States, which is a military agreement dating back to 1960.
Morrison described the signing of the RAA as a “critical moment for Australia and Japan,” which will “be an “important part” of the two countries’ response to the “uncertainty we are now facing.”
He said the treaty will also “support wider and more complex operational contacts between the Australian Defense Force and the Japanese Self-Defense Force.”
The RAA was signed after more than a year of negotiations. Kyodo News Agency of Japan stated that the agreement will promote joint exercises, faster deployment of Japanese and Australian military personnel, and ease restrictions on the transportation of weapons and materials for joint training and disasters. Rescue operations.
Kishida called the agreement “a landmark instrument that will elevate the security cooperation between the two countries to a new level.”
Kyodo News Agency stated that Japan will also seek to sign such agreements with the United Kingdom and France, because these two European countries “have been strengthening defense cooperation with Tokyo in response to An increasingly confident China“.
Analysts said that the agreement recognizes the importance of establishing a strong defense partnership to deter Beijing.
Malcolm Davis, a senior analyst at the Australian Institute of Strategic Policy, said: “Japan is getting rid of the post-war constitutional restrictions on the use of force because Tokyo recognizes that it faces challenges from China.”
“There is a territorial dispute between China and Japan,” he told Sky News. “More importantly, people are increasingly worried that China will take action against Taiwan in the next few years.”
Ali Wyan, a senior analyst at Eurasia Group, told AFP that the treaty also emphasizes Foursome, An informal group that includes Japan, Australia, India, and the United States.
Quad was first established in 2007, but in the face of criticism from China, the plan for joint military exercises was cancelled. However, due to concerns about Beijing’s actions, the organization intensified its activities in 2020 and held joint military exercises for the first time.
Wyan said that China “may invest [the RAA] As further evidence that advanced industrial democracies are trying to prevent their revival”.
Beijing did not immediately comment on the new agreement.
When asked about the treaty at a regular briefing on Wednesday, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said that “the vast space of the Pacific Ocean is sufficient for the common development of countries in the region.”
He said: “The exchanges and cooperation between countries should be conducive to enhancing mutual understanding and trust between countries in the region, maintaining regional peace and stability, and not targeting or harming the interests of any third party.”
“We hope that the Pacific Ocean will be a peaceful ocean, not a place that makes waves.”
The signing of the Australia-Japan Treaty was signed a few months after Canberra announced a new alliance with the United States and Britain. Aucos.
The alliance was established in September and will allow Australia to use American technology to build nuclear-powered submarines.