As the death toll increased, Central Asian countries began to protest around fuel prices. Here are three graphics to illustrate the situation.
The President of Kazakhstan, Kassim-Jomart Tokayev, Ordered The security forces “fired with lethal force” on protesters he called “terrorists.”
Due to the increase in fuel prices, demonstrations began in the western town of Zanauchen over the weekend. Protests then spread rapidly across the country, covering a wider range of issues, such as corruption and inequality.
Dozens of protesters and security officials were killed in the conflict.
On January 1, the price of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) in Zaozen doubled-one liter of LPG in the city was 50 tenge ($0.11) for most of 2021, but earlier this week It rises to 120 tenge (US$0.28).
The reason behind the surge is related to the fuel market reform, which will take effect on January 1, 2022. In order to end fuel subsidies to customers, the price ceiling was abolished, allowing the market to determine its price. This leads to rising costs when demand is strong.
In oil-rich areas such as Mamgstaow where the protests began, as many as 90% of vehicles relied on butane and propane for refueling.
Soon after the protest began, a price cap of 50 tenge ($0.11) was reintroduced.
What is CSTO?
The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) is a coalition of states of the former Soviet Union led by Russia: Russia; Belarus; Tajikistan; Armenia; Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan.
On January 5, Tokayev invoked Article 4 of the Collective Security Treaty Organization treaty, which stipulates that if a member is invaded by external forces, it shall be regarded as an aggression against all member states. The members of the alliance provide military assistance and defense to the “invaded” countries. This is the first time in the organization’s history that the collective security treaty organization has been deployed.
The collective security treaty organization has a total of 3,600 peacekeepers. Stanislavzas, secretary general of the Collective Security Treaty Organization, told RIA Novosti that there will be 2,500 peacekeeping troops sent to Kazakhstan, but the number may vary.
According to data from the Central Asian Bureau of Analysis and Reporting (CABAR), as of 2020, the number of collective security systems in the Collective Security Treaty Organization is 26,600.
Russia’s contribution to the Collective Security Treaty Organization accounted for 50% of the organization’s total budget in 2015, and the other five countries accounted for 10% of the budget.