Bristol, United Kingdom, November 30 (IPS)-Since the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic, the increase in domestic violence rates has led to United Nations announced The “shadow pandemic” of gender-based violence.In the cruelest of cases, violence leads to murder-or “killing women” because World Health Organization Call for the killing of women Especially because of their gender.
This is different from male homicide because power differences highlight the killing of women; most cases are carried out by current or former partners and occur in the context of abuse, control, violence, and intimidation.
The label “killing women” aims to draw people’s special attention to the gender characteristics of victims. Domestic violence is both the cause and consequence of gender inequality. The presence of threats of violence and abuse helps to empower the perpetrators and control their victims.
A study by WHO and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine showed that, according to reports, more than 35% of all murders of women in the world are committed by intimate partners. Male murder. 137 women around the world killed by a member My family every day.
The relevance of domestic violence and crisis times
Although we do not yet have data on the increase in the number of female killings, there is evidence in many countries that since the outbreak of the pandemic, the demand for domestic violence support services has been much higher.In some countries, call the helpline Increased five times With the Covid-19 pandemic, the incidence of reported intimate partner violence has increased.
Certain aspects of the lockdown in Covid-19 countries have severely exacerbated the isolation of victims. The closure of face-to-face medical services, support services, and even local amenities reduces the chance of victims seeking help.
The closure of schools and youth services means that children suffering from domestic violence and abuse also face support and respite from school days. Dubravka Šimonovi? Special Rapporteur on violence against women Criticize the “gender-regardless” blockade measures This leads to an increased risk of domestic violence and abuse (DVA) for those who are confined to the home with the abuser.
The dangers of gender-neutral methods
Despite characterizing “female killing” as an obvious result of gender-based violence, there is still a general lack of accountability for perpetrators. In 2018, the United Nations invested 50 million euros to pay special attention to the issue of women’s killing in Latin America. 98% of gender-related murders are not prosecuted.
Part of the problem is the unwillingness to link the patriarchal power structure with the prevalence of killing women. We have not seen an increase in the gender framework of DVA, but have witnessed a trend towards gender neutrality.
This is happening in the broader context of a wider rollback of women’s rights, including increasing Abortion restrictions And increase globally Reactionary response to the so-called “gender ideology”By opposing the Istanbul Convention, international cooperation around gender-based violence has also seen an alarming setback.
In July of this year, Turkey withdrew from the Convention despite the requirements of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) Notice This will “increase the protection gap between women and girls in a period of rising gender-based violence against women.”
Some countries, such as the United Kingdom, only signed it, but did not ratify the Istanbul Convention. In 2021, the United Kingdom introduced the Domestic Abuse Act in Parliament. However, this constructs the DVA in a gender-neutral way.In fact, domestic violence murder is British government procedures It is still classified as a “family homicide.”In this case, the term “homicide” is Considered gender neutral The term refers to another person killing a person.
For advocates who insist on a general term, a key advantage is that it focuses on killing and applies to victims of all genders. This approach also reflects the fact that not all cases of murder of women are related to gender-based violence; 42% of female murders worldwide in 2019 The perpetrator was not a partner or family member.
However, gender is still an important aspect of understanding violence because 90% of murders worldwide are committed by menThis has led some activists to call for “male violence” to be a key issue, regardless of the gender of the victim. Gender neutrality under the guise of inclusiveness conceals the role of patriarchy and gender inequality in global violence.
When considering the response to female killings, countries also need to consider the living victims of female killings, that is, the children left behind after their mothers were killed. In 2018, Italy became the first country in Europe to pass a law Olfani specialties, Or special orphans.
The fund supports a range of issues financially; scholarships, legal aid, and medical and psychological care funds. In many cases, through postal code lottery support provided by charities and NGOs, children can only get scarce and oversubscribed services.
The British Domestic Abuse Act designates children themselves as victims of domestic abuse, which marks a clear change from their previous marginal recognition as witnesses and bystanders.
Female killing is preventable
The term female killing makes us pay more attention to the gender dynamic murder related to domestic violence against women. However, in reality, the killing of women is ignored, underestimated and prosecuted globally.
Although some attention has been paid to the shadow pandemic of gender-based violence, the burden falls on the services of under-resourced NGOs.
It must be remembered that the killing of women is actually a symptom of a wider problem. Patriarchal norms and gender inequality are both the causes and consequences of gender-based violence in society.
In order to achieve change, we need to address systemic gender inequality, society’s tolerance for violence against women, and appropriately fund resources and services to support victims’ help and hold perpetrators accountable, and take targeted measures. Interventions to achieve change. The killing of women is not an inevitable part of life.It can be prevented
Emerald class Lecturer in Social and Public Policy, University of Bristol.She is an expert on gender-based violence and severe youth violence, as well as gender theory including masculinity research
source: International Politics and Society (IPS), published by the Global and European Policy Department of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Hiroshimastrasse 28, D-10785 Berlin.
© Inter Press Service (2021) — All rights reservedOriginal source: International News Service