How to avoid the cold war with China

expert’s point -The meeting between President Biden and Chinese President Xi Jinping-although virtual-finally happened. According to reports, this was a cordial and candid exchange, which is expected to ease some tensions between the United States and China.

President Biden captured the essence of the meeting, and he worried that this tension “will not turn into a conflict, whether intentional or unintentional.” President Xi said, “China and the United States should strengthen exchanges and cooperation” and “respect each other and coexist peacefully.”

It is hard to believe that when China and the United States officially established diplomatic relations in 1979, Chinese President Deng Xiaoping regarded the United States as a country that could provide investment, technology, and unlimited access to our best universities. And the United States did not disappoint. Investment and cutting-edge technology flowed to China, and hundreds of thousands of Chinese students entered our universities. Bilateral strategic cooperation initially contributed to the Soviet Union’s failure in Afghanistan to jointly deal with international terrorism and nuclear proliferation.

Therefore, in the span of forty-two years, the relationship has changed from close economic and strategic cooperation to fear of conflict, whether intentional or unintentional. Understandably, scholars will spend a lot of time analyzing what went wrong.

What is important now is that US-China relations are moving in a more positive direction. China’s invasion of Taiwan, the militarization of South China Sea islands and reefs, Xinjiang Uyghur concentration camps, Hong Kong’s national security law that suppressed democratic protests, and the theft of intellectual property must all be discussed frankly. Our diplomats and leaders avoid misunderstandings and unexpected conflicts.

President Biden stated that Washington continues to pursue the “One China” policy and “opposes unilateral efforts to change the status quo.” According to reports, President Xi said: “If the pro-Taiwan independence movement crosses the red line, Beijing will take decisive measures.”

The three communiqués and the Taiwan Relations Act of 1979 specifically pointed out that “the United States’ decision to establish diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China is based on the expectation that Taiwan’s future will be determined by peaceful means; considering non-peaceful means, including boycotts or embargoes. Any way to determine Taiwan’s future is a threat to peace and security in the Western Pacific region, and it is also a serious concern of the United States.”

The challenge for the United States and China is to resolve countless other issues in Taiwan’s and bilateral relations to ensure that no single issue or series of issues leads to conflict. Moderating words and pursuing a policy of substantive and continuous communication, especially our diplomats, will be a necessary first step.

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The annual China Economic and Strategic Dialogue is led by the heads of the State Council and the Ministry of Finance and their counterparts in Beijing, and aims to monitor the progress of solving these and other challenging issues. This type of forum, through announcements to ensure that the public is always aware of the problems and the work done to solve them, is only valuable if the dialogue is substantive and not just ceremonial.

If in addition to addressing these and other stimulus factors, this virtual presidential summit could also provide opportunities for cooperation on many geopolitical issues that affect the security of the United States, China, and the world.

I will start with the nuclear issue and the fact that there is very little dialogue with China on its nuclear program.In view of recent reports on three sites where hundreds of missile silos were built in China and the recent DIA report, China will have Nuclear arsenal The number of 1,000 nuclear warheads is worrying. Ideally, China should be part of the arms control negotiations with the United States and Russia on a new starting point. But they have previously refused to participate in this or any other arms control dialogue. At the very least, China should respond to dialogue with the United States on nuclear-related issues, including their recent test of two hypersonic missiles.

A separate but equally important dialogue with China is about cyber, to ensure that the cyber realm is not weaponized and used against our private sector to gain economic advantage. In addition, ensure that outer space is used only for peaceful purposes.

There are many global issues that require bilateral cooperation.We have recently seen some US-China cooperation climate change At the United Nations Climate Change Conference at COPS 26, Glasgow. Obviously, more work must be done, but this is a positive first step.

Other issues, such as North Korea, can and should be resolved now. China has a unique influence on North Korea, which depends on China for its economic survival. China can use this influence to return North Korea to negotiations and persuade North Korea to complete and verifiable denuclearization in exchange for important results that are in North Korea’s interests.

Due to COVID-19, there are more than 5 million casualties worldwide and more than 760,000 deaths in the United States. It is clear that it is necessary to strengthen bilateral cooperation in this and future epidemics.

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Bilateral cooperation in nuclear proliferation, combating international terrorism, drug trafficking, and combating international organized crime are just some of the global issues affecting the security of the United States, China and the international community. Failure to cooperate on these and other international issues is not only a security imperative, but also the moral responsibility of all major powers.

Finally, as the Taliban regain control of Afghanistan, China and the United States have a common goal: to ensure that the Taliban will not allow Al Qaeda and other terrorist organizations to use Afghanistan again as a base for their international terrorist activities. In contact with this Taliban government, China should use its huge financial influence to ensure the permanent withdrawal of all terrorist organizations from Afghanistan.

Xi Jinping just Anointed Respected by the Chinese Communist Party as one of its leaders, together with Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping. Next year’s party congress may give Xi Jinping a third five-year term as party general secretary. There are many domestic issues that require the attention of Xi Jinping and the party, including the “Common Prosperity” movement, which resolves the gap between the rich and the poor in China under the rule of the capitalist system with Chinese characteristics.

It is hoped that President Xi Jinping and President Biden will work together to ensure that the two major powers can also resolve countless international issues that require immediate and long-term attention on domestic issues, and avoid a cold war that may evolve into conflict.

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