For the first time, a European think tank has listed the United States as a “backward” democracy.

Stockholm – The United States has been included in the annual list of “backward” democracies for the first time, the international IDEA think tank said on Monday, pointing to the “visible deterioration” that it said began in 2019. Globally, more than one in four people live in a backward democracy, according to the Stockholm-based International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance. Gets done

“For the first time this year, we coded the United States as backsliding, but our statistics show that the incidence of backsliding is low,” he said in his report entitled “Global State of Democracy 2021”. Started at least in 2019. “


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“The United States is a high-performing democracy, and has even improved its performance in 2020 in the face of neutral administration (corruption and the implementation of predictions). However, civil liberties and governance The investigation shows that there are serious problems with the basic principles of democracy, “Alexander Hudson, co-author of the report, told AFP.

“2020-21 marks a historic turning point for former President Donald Trump Question marks over the legitimacy of the 2020 elections Results in the United States, “the report said.

In addition, Hudson pointed to the “declining standards of association and assembly independence during the summer of protests in 2020”. After the murder of George Floyd by the police.


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The International IDEA bases its assessments on 50 years of democratic indicators in approximately 160 countries, categorizing them into three categories: democracies (including those that are “backward”), “hybrid” governments and dictatorial governments.

“The obvious deterioration of democracy in the United States, as seen in the growing trend of contesting credible election results, attempts to suppress (participation in elections), and fleeing polarization … is among the most alarming developments. Is one of them, “he said. Kevin Casas Zamora, Secretary General of the International IDEA.

Earlier this month, US Secretary of State Anthony Blanken told a group of Kenyan civic leaders that the world was witnessing a “democratic recession” and that it had added to the challenges in the United States. Are proof of how fragile our democracy can be. ”

“This is a critical time,” Blanken told supporters of human rights, labor and anti-corruption at a Nairobi hotel. “Around the world, we have seen what we have seen in the last decade, what some have called the ‘democratic recession.'”

He said it was important to combat misinformation, political violence, voter intimidation and corruption in order to prevent the retreat of democratic principles.

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Casas-Zamora warns of the impact of knocking on the democratic process in the United States with unprecedented challenges, saying: Is as diverse as Myanmar, Peru and Israel. “

The number of democracies has doubled in the last decade, now accounting for a quarter of the world’s population. In addition to “established democracies” such as the United States, the list includes EU member states Hungary, Poland and Slovenia.

Two countries that were on the list last year. Ukraine And Northern Macedonia – removed after conditions improved this year.

Two others, Mali and Serbia, dropped out of the list because they were no longer considered democracies.

When Myanmar went from democracy to dictatorship, Afghanistan And Mali has entered this category with the label of its previous hybrid governments.


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For the fifth year in a row, in 2020, the number of countries leaning towards dictatorship outnumbers those enjoying democracy.

International IDEA expects this trend to continue until 2021.

For 2021, according to the group’s provisional review, the world counts 98 democracies – the lowest number in many years – including 20 “hybrid” governments, including Russia, Morocco and Turkey, and 47 dictatorial governments. China, Saudi Arabia, Ethiopia And Iran.

“We are talking about 70% of the world’s population,” Casas Zamora told AFP, referring to the backward democracies in the hybrid and dictatorial states.

“It simply came to our notice then that something very serious was happening with the standard of democracy,” he added.

The report says that the trend of democratic decline has become “more severe and alarming” since its inception. Covid-19 global epidemic.


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“Some countries, especially Hungary, India, the Philippines and the United States (imposed) This amount leads to democratic violations. – That is, measures that were disproportionate, illegal, indefinite, or unrelated to the nature of the emergency, “the report said.

“The epidemic has certainly intensified some of the negative trends, especially in areas where democracy and the rule of law were ill before the epidemic,” Casas-Zamora said.

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