“As we conduct our assessment today, we can confidently affirm that the implementation of the peace process is gaining ground in the hearts of the people,” he said. Guterres In Bogotá to commemorate the 2016 peace agreement between the Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC-EP), it was stated that the agreement ended the longest war in the Western Hemisphere.
In a speech at the headquarters of the Special Jurisdiction for Peace, the Secretary-General said that as one of the main judicial mechanisms established as part of the peace agreement between the government and the guerrilla movement, the fifth anniversary is a testament to the commitment of both parties, as well as national institutions and vitality. Colombian civil society, despite many difficulties, including solving Coronavirus disease Pandemic.
Among the “undeniable achievements” made by the agreement, Mr. Guterres pointed out that a guerrilla movement that has fought armed fighting for half a century is today a political party. Most ex-combatants, about 13,000 people, are working hard to “make People admire” to build a new life.
In addition, he recalled His visit on Tuesday Going to the mountainside village of Llano Grande in Antioquia, he witnessed the “determination to face adversity and uncertainty” because the local community, ex-combatants and police now live and work side by side.
“I have also witnessed with my own eyes how the expansion of locally designed development and social protection programs with the government’s actions and support can bring peace dividends to conflict-affected communities,” said the secretary-general, adding: “Ensure the viability of these efforts. Sustainability will be vital to the future.”;
Colombia is an inspiring example: “In a world full of conflicts, many of which show no signs of ending, it is a very unique and valuable thing to negotiate a peace agreement to end conflicts that many people think cannot be resolved,” the United Nations is responsible. People say.
Hard-won peace comes with risks
However, despite solid progress, the Secretary-General warned that all parties “must be aware of the risks that may threaten the long-term sustainability of the agreement”.
“Ethnic communities, women and girls are always particularly affected,” said the UN Secretary-General, who also highlighted other factors that may violate the agreement, including armed groups’ violence related to drug trafficking; threats and murders of ex-combatants, society Leaders and human rights defenders, usually women and indigenous people; displacement and imprisonment; violence against women and sexual violence; and recruitment of children.
According to data from the peace agreement, since the signing of the peace agreement, more than 300 ex-combatants and 477 human rights defenders and civic leaders have been killed. United Nations Verification Mission In Colombia.
“Every death is a tragedy in itself,” Mr. Guterres continued. “Each death sends a devastating message to these communities that are still waiting for the agreement.”
“I believe that the President is determined to ensure that the security provisions of the agreement are fully implemented and that all [articles] Regarding rural reforms, solving the problem of illegal drug trafficking, and all the complexities brought about by the implementation of the “Peace Agreement,” the Secretary-General said.
Challenges are part of the process
Despite these challenges facing peace, Mr. Guterres stated that “it is not too late to reverse this trend” and emphasized the need to fully implement the security provisions of the peace agreement, as well as those related to rural reforms and problem solving. Drug trafficking.
He recalled that the peace agreement itself reflects the fact that such a large-scale change takes time. “The original plan is ten years away,” and “the challenge is part of the peace process.”
“In a democratic country, you can disagree on many issues, but peace is no longer one of them,” he argued, and then called on Colombia to “continue on this path of peacebuilding and persist in overcoming challenges.”
To this end, he encourages all Colombians to follow the road map set out in the Peace Agreement, which not only seeks to eliminate the sound of weapons, but also “aims to change the root cause of the conflict and begin to heal the wounds, so that the atrocities committed are everywhere. Don’t happen again.”
With these goals in mind, the Secretary-General of the United Nations pointed out the progress made in “establishing a transitional justice system designed to provide justice for victims and survivors and ensure lasting peace”.
In fact, he said: “We have seen the prosecution of war crimes and the recognition of unprecedented responsibilities in history. We have seen the emotional experience of uniting the victims and those responsible. We have seen how family members end up Get rid of the uncertainty about the fate of missing relatives.”
The Secretary-General concluded his speech by saying, “After more than 50 years of conflict and a deep understanding of the suffering caused by it, we have a moral obligation to ensure the success of this peace process.”
Testimony of the Victims: Infinite Hope
Prior to his speech, the Secretary-General heard testimonies from victims, including Ana Sofía Martínez, whose father disappeared after being detained by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army 20 years ago.
After calling on the parties, the government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army to put aside their differences and fulfill their obligations, Ms. Martinez said she felt tired, sad and happy.
“Tired of bureaucracy and etiquette; it is sad because the disappearances continue to occur, and the country’s guarantees for post-conflict activities are becoming more and more blurred; happiness is because in the face of so many adversities, we continue to dream and be bound by unlimited hope and ten Supported by many reasons. For those who are still missing, we must hope. We insist on taking action,” she affirmed.
Another participant was Father Francisco Drew, Chairman of the Truth Clarification Committee. He listed the positive actions of one party or the other, but also emphasized that regrettably, no measures were taken to achieve what he called the “great peace.” “: A peace that is above the interests of all political parties.
Also attending the event were former President Juan Manuel Santos and former FARC commander Rodrigo Londoño, the signer of the peace agreement and current President Ivan Duque, and The current chairman of the Peace Special Jurisdiction, Eduardo Cifuentes Muñoz, and other actors who promoted the negotiations that led to the signing of the agreement. All acknowledge that there are still many challenges, but emphasize that the peace process continues to move forward.