According to the report, Central Americans cited poverty and malnutrition as the main reasons for emigrating to the United States.

Central American According to a report released by the United Nations and other agencies on Tuesday, this year’s survey found that the main reason for the lack of economic opportunities was that they wanted to leave their homeland and move to another country, including the United States.

More than 90 percent of Central Americans who told researchers they wanted to emigrate citing unemployment, low wages, lack of money to buy food and necessities, and other economic reasons, according to the UN report. Compiled by the World Food Program. Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Migration Policy Institute.

A small percentage of families in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador who took part in the study said they would migrate to avoid violence, reunite with family members living abroad and leave areas affected by natural disasters. Hope. Many cited these factors in addition to economic reasons, the researchers noted.

“No one really wants to leave their home and family,” David Beasley, executive director of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, told reporters during a briefing on Tuesday. Will force them to take to the streets in search of food. “

Immigrants in Mexico
November 16, 2021, Mexico, Veracruz: Numerous Central Americans walk along a rural road toward the U.S. border. A new group of immigrants has left southern Mexico and intends to join them. Photo: Yahir Ceballos / dpa

Yahar Sibalos / Photo Alliance via Getty Images


Beasley said the latest analysis, released from the report, showed that 6.4 million people in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador were experiencing “levels of hunger crisis or worse.”

The report’s findings come this spring from interviews with nearly 5,000 households in 12 departments in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador, collectively known as the “North Triangle” of Central America.

About 43% of the households surveyed expressed a desire to leave their homeland permanently. But the report found that only 6% of households reported making real displacement plans.

According to the joint report, an estimated 378,000 Central Americans emigrate to the United States each year from El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala.

While most households cited poverty and limited economic opportunities, especially in Guatemala, the motivating factors for migration were different in the communities of the three northern triangles.

In Cortés, Honduras, for example, a coastal area devastated by two hurricanes last year, a high percentage of families hoping to emigrate say they want to do so for climate-related reasons. ۔

In El Salvador’s capital, San Salvador, 11% of respondents said they wanted to emigrate because of the violence in their communities.

Of those who said they wanted to live in Central America – 66% said they did not want to leave their family members behind. Others cited the protection of their homes as well as a sense of belonging to their communities.

In recent years, hundreds of thousands of Central Americans, many of them families and unaccompanied children, have traveled to the southern border of the United States, where some have applied for asylum.

U.S. judges and immigration officials can grant asylum to immigrants who prove they are fleeing persecution based on their religion, political ideology, nationality, race or social group membership.

In fiscal year 2021, which ended in September, U.S. border officials reported more than 700,000 times the number of immigrants from Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador – a fivefold increase compared to 2020, when the corona virus epidemic hit the region. Suppressed migration from

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