London – The Global Human Food Survey shows that about half the people on Earth eat either less food or more food, and our nutritional choices have a serious impact not only on our own health, but also on the health of the planet. Is.
Of 2021 Global Nutrition ReportAn independent survey conducted annually since 2013 estimates that about half of the world’s population is either underweight, overweight or obese. Statistics show that a quarter of all adult deaths are due to malnutrition, and that five out of six worlds are not on track to meet global nutrition. Goals set by the World Health Organization.
Our eating habits are also damaging the environment. According to Reports. Food production currently accounts for more than a third of all. Globally, and meat-rich foods are responsible for the bulk of these emissions.
The Global Nutrition Report, or GNR, states that one serving of red meat is responsible for approximately 100 times the excretion of plant-based food. ButIs on the rise.
High-income countries are having disproportionate effects globally. They include food items with significant health and environmental costs. Rich countries also have the highest rates of premature deaths attributed to food hazards: 31% in both North America and Europe.
According to GNR, if all the world’s population ate like North Americans, greenhouse gas emissions would exceed 600%.Below 2 ° C in comparison, if the world adopts the food of African or Asian countries, the effects of human food will increase the temperature from sustainable levels to only 60-75%.
Meat, men, and your money
There seems to be a gender divide in how we eat. A separate study Research in the UK found that men’s dietary intake was 41% higher than women’s diets, mainly due to the high intake of meat.
Healthy choices at grocery stores are often considered expensive, but another study led by Dr. Marco Springman at Oxford University challenges this notion, at least in rich places like the United States and Europe.
People in high-income countries could potentially save money by switching to a completely or completely plant-based diet, while making these changes would help people in lower-middle- and low-income countries change their current eating habits. It will cost more to maintain. Springmann’s research, published late last month. Lancet.
“When scientists like me advocate healthy and environmentally friendly food, it is often said that we are sitting in our ivory towers promoting something that is beyond the reach of most people financially. Is out. ” Springmann Told The Guardian. “This study shows the exact opposite. These foods can improve your bank balance as well as your health and the health of the planet.”
Development and hope
Some progress is being made. Of the 194 countries identified in the GNR, 105 were on track to meet the WHO’s goal of tackling childhood overweight, and more than a quarter to meet stunting and loss prevention goals. Were on the way to (children growing up with height and weight loss due to malnutrition).
Research has shown that in addition to personal health benefits, better food will also benefit the planet.
UK data show that people who consume saturated fats, carbohydrates and sodium in line with WHO recommended levels are significantly less likely to emit greenhouse gases than those who do not. There were trees that were higher than the recommended level. And the relatively simple adjustment in the purchase choice can help eliminate the imbalance.
“We all want to do something to help save the planet. The way to change our diet is to do what we can,” said the authors of the small-scale British study. “We have broad brush concepts, such as reducing the amount of meat, especially red meat, but our work also shows that small changes can bring big benefits, such as cutting down on sweets, or possibly Just by changing the brands. ”
Ultimately, investments in improving nutrition at the national level, creating new business opportunities in regenerative agriculture, and preventing food wastage are estimated to cost our global community approximately ً 5.7 trillion annually by 2030, GNR said. Can lead to benefits.
The report concludes that “we have never been better equipped with the evidence and tools we need to do what is necessary for a well-nurtured and developing population and planet.”